Unique high-speed trains and locomotives on the Russian railways

Sapsan (Velaro RUS) is Russian for the peregrine falcon, the fastest bird in the falcon family, so it was an appropriate name for this new train, which can reach speeds of up to 250 kmph. Produced with true German precision by Siemens, the Sapsan is fully adapted to the harsh climate of Russia. The Allegro is equipped with safety features designed to work on both the Finnish and Russian railway networks. Its equipment meets the technical requirements in the EU and Russia. The train consists of 7 carriages and has a maximum operating speed of 220 kph. GT1-001 gas turbine locomotive: on 23 January 2009 this locomotive became the first to pull a freight train weighing 15000 tonnes (159 wagons), and on 7 September 2011 it set a new world record by pulling a 16000 tonne train (170 wagons). On 12 October 2009 Russian Railways was awarded a Guinness Book of Records certificate for creating the world’s most powerful long-distance gas turbine locomotive operating on liquefied natural gas. Electric locomotive type 2ES10: the first Russian freight electric locomotive of direct current with the asynchronous driving unit. The locomotive was designed by Uralskiye Locomotivy Ltd. in cooperation with the Siemens (Germany) engineering team. The locomotive performance characteristics have no analogues in Russia. On August 4, 2011, the 2ES10 locomotive in the three-unit mode took the 9000-ton train down the Sverdlosk-Pervouralsk distance of the Sverdlosvsk Railway. It will let the railways

New Russian metro car in Sofia, Bulgaria (81-740/741)

The Sofia Metro uses two types of rolling stock, both produced in Russia. The older blue train sets are model 81-717/714 made by Metrovagonmash. The newer white train sets are model 81-740/741 “Skiff” again made by Metrovagonmash. 81-740/741 (Rusich, Russian: Русич), is a type of rolling stock specially designed for running under the harsh winter climate of outdoor Moscow. Rusich also features a corridor connection, allowing passenger access between two contigiuous cars. They are currently assigned to the metro lines including Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line, Filyovskaya Line and Butovskaya Light Metro Line of Moscow Metro, and part of the Sofia Metro fleet in Bulgaria. Rusich will also be employed by the Sochi Light Metro due to its similarity with Butovskaya Line. Currently, there are four types of Rusich rolling stock: 81-740/741, 81-740.1/741.1, 81-740.4/741.4 which are used in Moscow Metro, and 81-740.2/741.2, 81-740.2B/741.2B which is technically adapted and designed for Sofia Metro. Automatic control system and universal control panel was designed by Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP). The Sofia Metropolitan (Bulgarian: Софийско метро, Sofiysko metro) is the underground urban railway network servicing the Bulgarian capital Sofia. It is the first and only network of this kind in Bulgaria. As of September 7, 2009 it has been extended to 14 stations and a total length of 18.0 km. * Obelya (Обеля) – operational since 20.04.2003 * Slivnitsa
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